About Latex

 

First of all, to talk about latex, we can start from what it is not. Surely it is not a synthetic material, in fact it is a natural material known from centuries.

Below are the main synthetic materials with which latex is often confused due to the glossy appearance of both.

We only ask a little patience to understand about latex.

So you will love even more this wonderful material, unique in terms of features and use.

PVC

Sometimes called simply vinyl or paint, it is a synthetic plastic given by polymerization.

This is the union in very long linear or branched chains of a basic molecule, or monomer.

In this case the monomer is vinyl chloride, which polymerises into polyvinylchloride, or PVC.

The mixture for textile use, in thin and relatively soft sheets, is obtained by lamination of normal PVC with addition and coloring and elasticizing.

Because PVC alone has a gray color and is rigid, often used as a pipe for transporting chemicals.

It is extremely shiny, waterproof and non-breathable, and does not need to be polished with silicone or other products.

It is also normally dubbed with synthetic fabric to allow it to be worn.

Cosa è il latex PVC

POLYURETHANE

Or PU often called faux leather or faux leather, is the polyurethane code.

A synthetic polymer that is spread on the fabric, normally cotton, giving it a relatively shiny and apparently leather look on one side.

The fabric retains its basic properties, even if it loses some of its breathability and elasticity.

As the PVC does not need and would be ruined with polishing based on silicone oil.

Cosa è il latex esempio di finta pelle o eco pelle

SPANDEX

Spandex is an elastic fabric normally extremely elastic, with shiny fiber.

Used for tight-fitting suits or clothes, has a percentage of elastane, or rubber yarn, which increases its elasticity.

As the PVC does not need and would be ruined with polishing based on silicone oil.

Cosa è il latex esempio di PU

About Latex

Latex, latex or latex rubber are some names that are commonly given to natural rubber, that’s about latex.

Correct name to differentiate it from the various synthetic rubbers, neoprene, BUNA, EPDM to name a few.

Natural rubber is obtained from latex, a complex, milky and sticky emulsion of water, isoprene, alkaloids, proteins, cells, enzymes, hydrocarbons, proteins and more.

Made from some specific plants, called “rubber tree”.

In addition to other substances depending on the species or the tree that secretes it.

Hevea Brasiliensis, the tree from which the best rubber quality is obtained, comes from South America.

Imported towards the end of the nineteenth century in Southeast Asia where it found an ideal climate.

These trees are thirty meters high, with an average life of 35 to 40 years, which become productive after the first year of age. The latex is obtained by making incisions on the cortex orthogonal to the lactic channels of the plant so as not to create discomfort.

The liquid that comes out is collected in bowls attached to the trunk of the plant itself, it is still a manual harvest.

From this emulsion, through various processes involving heat and other, the only organic and polymeric part of the latex is obtained, ie the raw natural rubber.

The raw natural rubber

which contains many impurities and is then refined, processed and transformed into a whole series of products that we all know.

From stationery rubber bands to tires or just to rubber sheets for clothes.

Vulcanization is a fundamental process for every type of rubber-based product.

That is the process also called “cross-link” where sulfur chains make a bridge to polymeric chains of poly isoprene, or rubber. Without this sort of three-dimensional structure, since rubber is an amorphous polymer, its mechanical properties, including elasticity, would be scarce if not absent.

Instead, rubber is the most elastic natural material in the world.

Vulcanized, the rubber can be worked, colored and printed, laminated, cut and glued.

Uses are varied, take a look here to see how many rubber objects are part of your life.

From rubber ducks to gloves for medical use, from baby dummies to car tires, natural rubber is around us.

This is why it is important to know about latex and to choose certified quality rubber for all these objects, even more so for those who come into contact with the skin.

But we will focus only on one in particular, or latex for textile use.

The latex is perfect for making fashion garments, which can go from simple panties, swimsuits to the most elaborate catsuits or clothing and accessories.

And it exists in a series of standard colors as well as various, metallic or pearly, which each company produces exclusively. These colors are the result of mixtures of pigments that are added to the base rubber.

Which even in its purest form is not transparent, but of an almost milky yellowish white.

NOTE: Replicating exactly the same colors as the latex color chart can be difficult.

All this depends on the fact that latex rubber latex is a natural substance, and the color may vary depending on the planting and when it is harvested.

Then the colored latex mixture is poured onto a conveyor belt and dried in special ovens.

We then move on to filtration, an important step to remove most of the latex allergenic proteins.

Once the process is finished, the sheets are dusted with talcum powder, rolled up and stored in a cool, dry place away from sunlight.

The latex sheets can be of any thickness, formally no one forbids a sheet of latex often centimeters, but it is obviously not available in the textile field.

So the most used thicknesses are a combination of lightness and strength.

The thicknesses of the latex sheets are as follows: 0.25mm, 0.40mm, 0.50mm, 0.60mm, 0.70mm, 0.80mm, 1.05mm. To obtain more resistant and rigid garments (such as corsets) the latex can be doubled by gluing several layers together.

The quality of latex like any product that starts from a mixture of chemical compounds among which one or more impurities exist, eliminating such impurities leads to a product of better quality, but also of higher cost.

Extract the impurities present in the initial latex, obtain a correct vulcanization, eliminate the by-products of the processes (including sulfuric acid) from the finished product has a cost.

The latex used by DEAPAGANA Latex Couture is produced in Southeast Asia, specifically in Malaysia, and is recognized as the best in the world.

It is also medical grade and complies with international standards, such as that of the American FDA.

And bought by companies such as Radical Rubber and 4D, known for product quality.

In fact, a sheet of good quality latex should not have strange odors, in particular acids or similar to commonly used chemicals.

How could they be ammonia, bleach or bleach, or present stains of different colors on the surface.

Or again it should not release acids or anything when washed the first time.

Already a product of this kind is excellent for textile use, and in almost all cases will not give the wearer any type of allergic reaction except in individuals already predisposed.

faq brings together the most frequently asked questions that customers make about privacy shipments and management of latex and rubber clothing and accessories

Latex Allergy

Being a natural product and coming from an emulsion containing proteins and enzymes, such proteins can give allergic reactions such as erythema or other.

Of course the percentage is almost ridiculous, but still exists. To overcome this, there is an additional processing that removes almost all proteins from the gum, making it virtually non-allergenic, and obtaining what is sometimes called “surgical grade latex”.

Which is precisely the one used by DEAPAGANA Latex Couture.

It has also been noted that many people think they are allergic to latex when they are actually allergic to components contained in the talc that is used for storage.

In this regard, we recommend the conservation of oiled garments and not sprinkled with talcum powder for a longer life of the garment itself.

Also writing to our email address [email protected] we are available to send a small free sample of latex if you want to test the anallergicity.